# 5047 / Antique SARACCA ROMAGNOLA, Italian traditional Folding Knife

Italy has an ancient tradition in knife making and a great variety in shapes and models with dozens of antique models dedicated to work, defence, and duel. Italy has its identity as a unitary state only since 1861. The origin and the diffusion of traditional knives followed the ancient political and administrative division of the country that doesn’t coincide with the current division into regions. Emilia Romagna is a region located in the geographical north-centre of Italy  and talking about Emilia-Romagna knives means introducing one of the masterpieces of Italian cutlery; La *Saracca Romagnola*which was very popular in the countryside around this area two centuries ago. The name “Saracca” probably comes from the Italian word sarago which means a white seabream, whose tapered outline resembles the shape of this knife This knife was mainly used for work, although it is quite possible that it was used in duels or tavern brawls which were very common at the time. It’s a master of simplicity, elegance and effectiveness. Just three components: a simple horn arc-shaped handle, an extremely sharp and pointed blade and a reliable external spring with the function of locking system. It was usually stuck in the pocket of young men ready to come out in case of fight.

This nice example of the Saracca folder pattern measures 15,5 cm long when closed and 28,5 cm long when fully extended.

The handle has been realized from a whole piece of horn that has been carved at the bottom to house safely the tip of the keen blade, it is in the typical arc shape with no supporting liners. It features a flat external spring that locks the blade once opened. It is fixed on the back of the handle by steel rivets. A tab makes easier to unlock the blade from the open position. Carbon steel blade with a single notch on the tang fitting the corresponding hole on the lock tab.

The knife remains in good condition, normal overall pitting on the steel parts due to time. Blade has been used therfore the edge has been sharpened and is a little bit down in shape but still remaining in full length. There’s some play of the blade when locked open due to the movement of the notch within the locking tab. No damage to note to the handles. 

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